From 1st May 2020, when the Countess of Mar retires officially from the House of Lords after almost 45 years’ service, the ME community will be losing a champion of the first rank and a redoubtable campaigner for acceptance of the illness, for research and for the proper treatment from government and the NHS of those affected by ME.
The Countess (her title dates back to c1014 and is the oldest peerage title still extant in the United Kingdom and is held by her in her own right) was, until her retirement, the only hereditary peeress in the House of Lords. She was elected to serve as one of the ninety-two hereditary peers retained in the Lords and sat as a cross-bencher. Her departure is marked by an article in ‘The Daily Telegraph’ of 2nd May (paywall) in which, with typical good humoured directness, she says “I don’t want to be there past my best before date.”
On of the privileges of membership of the House is access to Ministers, politicians, and decision-makers which she utilised to the utmost and to the benefit of those affected by ME.
Her zeal for a revolution in the perception and treatment of ME/CFS stemmed from her own experience of organophosphate poisoning which led to autonomic dysfunction. Concern turned to action and she was a member of several European Community Select Committees – on the environment, agriculture and consumer protection, and secretary of the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Pesticides and Organophosphates and a leading light and vice-chair of the All-Party Parliamentary Group on ME.
In 2008 and under her chairmanship, she created the Forward-ME Group, which consists of a broad spectrum of charities and voluntary organisations. The Group’s aim is to promote effective joint working by organisations to maximise impact on behalf of all people with ME and CFS in the UK. From the first meeting, ME Research UK has been a member with our (now) Vice Chair Sue Waddle, a regular attendee.
I do hope that all of us here today will develop a strategy for bringing together all those who suffer from ME or are supporters and that we can then move on to transform the ME scene.
It is undoubtedly true that the Group would not have benefited from the opportunity to quiz politicians and the likes of NICE Directors, Officers of various medical Royal Colleges, the CMO of Capita or the Chairman of Optimum Health Care without the leverage that an invitation from a peeress possesses. The speakers, it is fair to say, left meetings under no doubt what challenges were faced by those with ME/CFS due to the decisions/processes that the speakers’ organisations had made.
In the House, Hansard records 36 instances of the Countess speaking to the Chamber specifically about ME/CFS (since such records were indexed from 2006). This does not include contributions to debates regarding neurological conditions or concerning those affected my long-term chronic illnesses in general. The contributions run the full gamut of issues which affect the ME community – social security, personal independence payments, work capability assessments, children and young persons, as well research. Her comments on the PACE trial (6 February 2013), CBT (18 March 2013), and neurological conditions (11 October 2010) are especially noteworthy and informed, and reward a re-visit.
The opportunities offered at Forward-ME for collaboration is illustrated by the commissioning of a survey into the experiences of those with ME/CFS who were offered CBT and GET. The study (funded jointly by ME Research UK and the ME Association) was delivered to NICE as part of a submission to provide hard evidence of the results of both ‘treatments’ and its findings received much publicity and are oft quoted.
In their Lordships’ debate on ME on 2 June 2008 – over a decade before the historic Jan 2019 House of Commons one – the Countess elicited confirmation from the Government (the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of Health, Lord Darzil of Denham) “My Lords, the Government accept the World Health Organisation’s classification of CFS/ME as a neurological condition of an unknown cause.” An acceptance which has been used to remind the Department of Work and Pension of the nature of the illness ever since.
Her activities have not been confined to the red benches either. The Countess has been a vociferous letter-writer in defence of those affected by the illness and in challenging misconceptions about the illness e.g. Dr S O’ Sullivan’s book ‘It’s All in Your Head: True Stories of Imaginary Illness’.
Her role has also led to invitations to speak at various events – the launch of the CMRC for example and, in March 2015, to the Royal Society of Medicine to contribute to a lecture on ‘ME/CFS: Frontiers‘. The aim was to give delegates, all members of the Royal Society of Medicine, “a rare opportunity to learn about ME/CFS from a clinical, scientific and political perspective.” Her speech included a quote from Frantz Fanon and was addressed to the medics present
Ladies and gentlemen, I know how very difficult it is to say ‘Sorry, I got it wrong’, especially when your whole career has been based on a particular belief. I have been told that, in medicine, nothing will change until the old guard moves on. The history of medicine is littered with instances of this phenomenon. It is my very sincere wish that the situation will change radically long before the changing of the guard.
Through her work, Margaret has spoken truth unto power and pointed out the injustices that surround ME/CFS and the treatment of those with the condition. Although she will be retiring from the House of Lords, we know that she will not be withdrawing from the fight and we are truly grateful for all that she has done (thus far!) Excepts from Her letter to the members of the Forward-ME Group is reproduced below.
Part of email from the Countess of Mar to Forward-ME Group members –
After a great deal of thought and with some initial regrets, I have finally bitten the bullet and have decided to retire as a member of the House of Lords with effect from 1 May. As you know, I haven’t been well for some time and, although I am much better than I was, I have realised that I cannot be relied upon to do my Parliamentary duties to the standard that I would wish. I also find the prospect of travelling and getting about the House daunting. After reaching my 80th year and having been a member of the House for nearly 45 of those years I feel that, while enjoying the huge privilege that membership has afforded me, I have done my duty.…….. Looking back, I believe that between us we have managed to change the perception of ME by most of both the medical profession and the public. There is still some way to go before we know cause/s and cure, but we are well on the way to finding them. I am confident that the NICE guideline development group are determined to get the new ME/CFS guideline right. I suspect that when this is published much will change for people with ME.